Rancang Bangun Mesin “Tipipiel One” Pengolah Sampah Plastik Menjadi Biji Plastik Dengan Metode Pelletizing

  • Sumayya Syarafina Politeknik Negeri Cilacap
  • Saipul Bahri Politeknik Negeri Cilacap
  • Rosita Dwityaningsih Politeknik Negeri Cilacap
Abstract views: 206 , PDF downloads: 257
Keywords: plastic, pellets, pelletizing, waste, environment

Abstract

A modern human life is difficult to be separated from plastic. According to data  from the Ministry of Environment (KLH), the population of Indonesia produces 0.8 kg of waste per person every day with a total of 189 thousand tons of waste per day, while 15% of this result is plastic waste with a total of 28.4 thousand tons of plastic waste. per day. The plastic waste will accumulate if left continuously without any processing, so that it can cause environmental problems and can cause health problems. Therefore, the "Tipipiel One" machine was made as an alternative to process plastic waste, especially the type of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) into plastic pellets using the pelletizing method which consists of four processes, that is melting, printing, cooling and cutting until plastic pellets are produced. The success of making the "Tipipiel One" machine can be seen from the quality of the plastic pellets produced by the machine. The optimal temperature for melting Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) plastic waste using the "Tipipiel One" machine is 200 oC. The capacity of this machine only reaches 0.08 kg/hour due to the very small barrel size. Meanwhile, the electrical energy required for the "Tipipiel One" engine for 8 hours of operation is 9.372 kWh. With the "Tipipiel One" machine, it is hoped that it can reduce the pile of garbage in the environment and prevent environmental pollution caused by plastic waste.

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Published
2023-02-17
Section
Articles