Pengaruh Kuat Arus Las Terhadap Sifat Mekanis dan Struktur Mikro Sambungan Las Besi Tuang Kelabu menggunakan Elektroda Nikel dengan Proses Pengelasan SMAW

Daryono Daryono, Topan Prihantoro, Ady Setiawan

Abstract


This study aims to determine the effect of welding current on the mechanical properties and microstructure of gray cast iron welding joints using nickel electrodes with the SMAW welding process. The research method is experimental, starting with preparing the workpiece, welding process, making test specimens and testing the weld specimens. The material to be joined is gray cast iron metal with a butt joint of a 60 ° open seam V open angle. The welding process used uses SMAW with a current of 80 amperes, 85 amperes and 90 amperes. The added material used was an ENiFe-Cl type CIN 2 electrode with a diameter of 2.6 mm. Hardness testing was carried out using the Vickers method and microstructure testing using an optical microscope. The results showed that the maximum hardness value of the parent metal occurred at the welding current strength of 85 amperes, which was 192.17 VHN, then the maximum hardness value of the HAZ area occurred at the welding current strength of 85 amperes, which was 203.46 VHN, while the maximum hardness value of the weld metal was 203.46 VHN. metal) occurs at a welding current of 90 amperes, which is 211.18 VHN. The results of the microstructure observation show that the matrix formed on the parent metal is pearlite with graphite in the form of flakes. The micro structure in the HAZ area is formed a martensite structure. Meanwhile, the microstructure of weld metal consists of an austenite matrix with an even distribution of graphite particles.


Keywords


welding current; gray cast iron; electrodes



DOI: https://doi.org/10.35970/accurate.v2i1.585

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