Karakteristik Emisi CO dan HC Mesin bensin SOHC 110cc Berbahan bakar Pertalite-Alkohol

Syarifudin Syarifudin, Faqih Fatkhurrozak, Firman Lukman Sanjaya, Eflita Yohana, Syaiful Syaiful

Abstract


Community economic activities that encourage motorized vehicles are getting higher. This exacerbates dependence on fossil fuels and air pollution. The outside air that is contaminated with exhaust gases from combustion products is very dangerous for human health. Motorized vehicles such as motorcycles are the largest cause of air pollution. Alcohols have high octane number and low viscosity. The use of ethanol and methanol alcohols is very diverse, so they are easy to obtain. Therefore, alcohol ethanol and methanol are suitable as premium fossil fuel mixtures. This study aims to observe the CO and HC emission characteristics of the gasoline engine using a premium-alcohol mixture of ethanol, methanol. The alcohol concentration was varied from 5% to 15% at 5% intervals. The petrol engine is operated at 2000, 3000, and 4000rpm. Commercial Gas Analyzers are used to measure CO and HC emissions coming out of the exhaust. The results of the observations present the CO and HC emissions of the engine with premium-ethanol fuel, methanol is lower than pure premium (P100). CO emissions from PE15 fuel decreased to 66,30%, and PM15 decreased to 90,63%. Meanwhile, PE15 fuel HC emissions decreased by 58,94%, and PM15 decreased by 68,60%.

Keywords


alcohol; characteristics; vehicles; decreased; pollution

Full Text:

PDF

References


P.Tipe,B.Terhadap,E.Gas,andB.Sepeda,“AutomotiveExperiences,”vol.1,no.03,pp.64–69,2018.[2]C.Series,“Performanceandsootemissionsfromdirectinjectiondieselenginefueledbydiesel-jatropha-butanol-blendeddieselfuelPerformanceandsootemissionsfromdirectinjectiondieselenginefueledbydiesel-jatropha-butanol-blendeddieselfuel,”2020.[3]W.J.Martin,“UsingKELEA(KineticEnergyLimitingElectrostaticAttraction)toImprovetheEfficiencyofFuelCombustion,”pp.103–116,2017.[4]R.S.JatmikoandK.Winangun,“PengaruhPencampuranBahanBakarPertalitedenganBioEtanolterhadapPeformaMesinInjeksiYamahaVixion150ccTahun2011,”vol.8,no.1,pp.22–27,2019.[5]H.Nurrohman,B.Susanto,andN.Widodo,“AutomotiveExperiences,”vol.1,no.01,pp.7–12,2018.[6]H.Liu,G.Ma,B.Hu,Z.Zheng,andM.Yao,“EffectsofPortInjectionofHydrousEthanolonCombustionandEmissionCharacteristicsinDual-fuelReactivityControlledCompressionIgnition(RCCI)Mode,”Energy,2017.[7]Y.Huang,N.C.Surawski,B.Organ,J.L.Zhou,O.H.H.Tang,andE.F.C.Chan,“ScienceoftheTotalEnvironmentFuelconsumptionandemissionsperformanceunderrealdriving:Comparisonbetweenhybridandconventionalvehicles,”Sci.TotalEnviron.,vol.659,pp.275–282,2019.[8]A.Elfasakhany,“ExperimentalinvestigationonSIengineusinggasolineandahybridiso-butanol/gasolinefuel,”ENERGYConvers.Manag.,vol.95,pp.398–405,2015.[9]F.L.SanjayaandN.Sinaga,“EffectofPremium-ButanolBlendsonFuelConsumptionandEmissionsonGasolineEnginewithColdEGRSystemEffectofPremium-ButanolBlendsonFuelConsumptionandEmissionsonGasolineEnginewithColdEGRSystem,”pp.11–17,2019.[10]E.MethanolandG.Engine,“AutomotiveExperiences,”vol.4,no.2,pp.62–67,2021.[11]K.Nithyanandanetal.,“ImprovedSIengineefficiencyusingAcetone–Butanol–Ethanol(ABE),”no.January,pp.1–11,2016.[12]A.Elfasakhany,“Experimentalstudyofdualn-butanolandiso-butanoladditivesonspark-ignitionengineperformanceandemissions,”FUEL,vol.163,pp.166–174,2016.[13]Z.Guo,X.Yu,W.Dong,P.Sun,W.Shi,andY.Du,“ResearchonthecombustionandemissionsofanSIenginewithacetone-butanol-ethanol(ABE)portinjectionplusgasolinedirectinjection,”Fuel,vol.267,no.February,p.117311,2020.[14]A.H.Sebayang,H.Ibrahim,S.Dharma,A.S.Silitonga,B.Ginting,andN.Damanik,“PengaruhCampuranBahanBakarBijiSorghumpadaMesinBensin,”vol.6131,pp.91–104,2020.[15]B.S.N.Prasad,J.K.Pandey,andG.N.Kumar,“ImpactofchangingcompressionratioonenginecharacteristicsofanSIenginefueledwithequi-volumeblendofmethanolandgasoline,”Energy,p.116605,2019.[16]H.N.CahyoandA.Suprihadi,“KorelasiPropertisBiodieselTerhadapEmisiGasBuangdanPerformaMesinDiesel,”vol.11,no.01,pp.9–13,2020.[17]R.Feng,J.Fu,J.Yang,Y.Wang,Y.Li,andB.Deng,“Combustionandemissionsstudyonmotorcycleenginefueledwithbutanol-gasolineblend,”Renew.Energy,vol.81,pp.113–122,2015.[18]H.Sharudin,N.Rosli,G.Najafi,R.Mamat,andH.H.Masjuki,“Investigationoftheeffectsofiso-butanoladditivesonsparkignitionenginefuelledwithmethanol-gasolineblends,”vol.114,pp.593–600,2017.[19]Y.Li,Z.Ning,C.F.Lee,J.Yan,andT.H.Lee,“EffectofAcetone-Butanol-Ethanol(ABE)gasolineblendsonregulatedandunregulatedemissionsinspark-ignitionengine,”Energy,2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35970/infotekmesin.v13i1.1067

Article metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:

 
   

 

Editorial Office:

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat (P3M)
Politeknik Negeri Cilacap
Jln. Dokter Soetomo No.1, Karangcengis Sidakaya Cilacap
Jawa Tengah 53212
Telepon: (0282) 533329
Email: infotekmesin.ejournal@pnc.ac.id

 

   Flag Counter

 

View My Stats

 

Creative Commons License
INFOTEKMESIN is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.