Pengembangan Model Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Picohydro Tipe Turbin Cross Flow Head Rendah

  • Gun Gun R Gunadi Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Jusafwar Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Candra Damis Widiawaty Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Machfud Priyo Utomo Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Ramdana Ajie Satria Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Muhammad Raihan Abimanyu Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Adi Syuriadi Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Dianta Mustofa Kamal Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
  • Rosidi Politeknik Negeri Jakarta
Abstract views: 222 , PDF downloads: 74
Keywords: PhPP, crossflow turbine, low head


The provision of food, energy supply, and the provision of information are The food provision, energy supply, and information delivery are controlled to improve people's welfare. In 2011, the national electricity production by PLN was 11% new and renewable energy. 6% hydropower and 5% geothermal. PLN plans the geothermal to be 13% and hydropower to be 6%. The availability of independent PhPP has been built by many communities. PhPP with a waterwheel drive provides a capacity of about 100 watts thus it is only enough for home lighting, whereas the hydro energy potential of the area is quite abundant. The development that has been carried out has several weaknesses; PhPP plump turbine type requires a high head which becomes a constraint for agricultural irrigation, in the other hand PhPP waterwheel type has low efficiency. The research was conducted to develop PhPP low head cross-flow turbine type, which is more efficient. The development begins with the experiment of the PhPP cross-flow turbine model to optimize the ratio of the diameter and width of the runner. A preliminary case study provides experimental results for a cross-flow turbine's torque and power parameters at a flow rate of 0.053 m3/s. Changes in the turbine diameter and width ratio are optimum at a runner width of 10 cm.


Kontan, “Sepanjang 2010, konsumsi listrik nasional meningkat,”, 2012. .

Alkindo, “PLN Tingkatkan Produksi Listrik Dari Energi Terbarukan,”, 2012. .

G. G. R. Gunadi, A. Syuriadi, Fachruddin, and S. Prasetya, “Pengembangan Pembangkit ListrikTenaga Mikro Hidro Type Kincir Air,”in Prosiding Seminar Nasional Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (SNP2M) 2011, 2011, pp. 59–64.

G. G. R. Gunadi, Jusafwar, A. Syuriadi, and D. M. Kamal, “Development of Hydraulic Governing Valve For Micro Hydro Power Plant Type Waterwheel,”in Proceeding of Annual South East Asian International Seminar (ASAIS) 2013, 2013, pp. 233–240.

G. G. R. Gunadi et al.,“Developing a Low Cost Penstock for Waterwheel Type Micro Hydro Power Plant in Rural Area,”Politeknologi, vol. 13, no. 3,2014.

G. G. R. Gunadi, C. D. Widiawaty, Fachruddin, Jusafwar, A. Syuriadi, and J. Ali, “Developing a Runner for Axial Turbine Type Micro Hydro Power Plant with Low Head,”in Proceeding of Annual South East Asian International Seminar (ASAIS) 2016, 2016, pp. 45–54.

R. Eisinger and A. Ruprecht, “Automatic Shape Optimisation of Hydro Turbine Components Based on CFD,”Task Q., vol.6, no. 1, pp. 101–111, 2002, [Online]. Available:

M. Sinagra, V. Sammartano, C. Aricò, A. Collura, and T. Tucciarelli, “Cross-flow Turbine Design for Variable Operating Conditions,”Procedia Eng., vol. 70, pp. 1539 –1548, 2014,doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.02.170.

G. G. R. Gunadi, “Simulasi Aliran Lewat Aerofoil dengan ‘Slotted Flap’Menggunakan Metode Vorteks,”Politeknologi, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 35–44, 2010.

S. Darmawan et al., “Turbulent Flow Analysis in Auxiliary Cross-Flow Runner of a Proto X-3 Bioenergy Micro Gas Turbine Using RNG k-εTurbulence Model,”ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 16, pp. 7086–7091, 2015.

A. I. Siswantara, Budiarso, A. P. Prakoso, G. G. R. Gunadi, Warjito, and D. Adanta, “Assessment of Turbulence Model for Cross-Flow Pico Hydro Turbine Numerical Simulation,”CFD Lett., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 38–48, 2018.

G. G. R. Gunadi, A. I. Siswantara, and B. Budiarso, “Turbulence Models Application in Air Flow of Crossflow Turbine,”Int. J. Technol., vol. 9, no. 7, p. 1490, Dec. 2018, doi: 10.14716/ijtech.v9i7.2636.

G. G. R. Gunadi, A. I. Siswantara, B. Budiarso, H. Pujowidodo, C. D. Widiawaty, and D. Adanta, “Analysis of Inverse-Prandtl of Dissipation in Standard K-ΕTurbulence Model for Predicting Flow Field of Crossflow Wind Turbine,”CFD Lett., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 68–78, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.37934/cfdl.12.4.6878.

C. D. Widiawaty et al., “Optimization of inverse-Prandtl of Dissipation in standard k-εTurbulence Model for Predicting Flow Field of Crossflow Turbine,”CFD Lett., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 112–127, 2022, doi: 10.37934/cfdl.14.1.112127.

p-ISSN: 2087-1627, e-ISSN: 2685-9858205

G. G. R. Gunadi et al., “Development of a Micro Hydro Power Plant Model With a Low Head Cross Flow Turbine,”in Proceeding of Annual South East Asian International Seminar (ASAIS) 2020, 2020, pp. 33–38.

J. Croockewit, Handbook for Developing MICRO HYDRO In British Columbia. BC Hydro, 2004.

PlumX Metrics