Effect of Butanol-Gasoline Blend Toward Performance Matic-Transmission Applied in Single Cylinder Capacity Engine

  • Gatot Setyono Universitas Wijaya Putra http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9032-1171
  • Dwi Khusna Universitas Wijaya Putra
  • Navik Kholili Universitas Wijaya Putra
  • Lingga Putra Sanjaya Universitas Wijaya Putra
  • Fajar Galang Argil Putra Universitas Wijaya Putra
Abstract views: 32 , PDF downloads: 16
Keywords: butanol-gasoline, matic-transmission, performance, single cylinder


The availability of fuel oil is decreasing while the level of consumption is increasing. This encourages the need for the development of alternative energy to minimize the crisis. This study investigates the characteristics of fuel and automatic transmission combustion engines. The fuel used is butanol variations B7, B12 and B18 (7%, 12%, and 18%) and pertalite (RON-90). The gasoline engine used has a capacity of 110 cc with a compression ratio of 9.5:1, an automatic transmission system, and air conditioning. The performance test equipment used is the Dynotest-chassis type 50L-BRT. Fuel variations are applied to an engine performance test by using engine speeds of 3000-9000 rpm. The results showed that the use of 18% butanol increased the output power and thermal efficiency by 8.3 kW and 923.95 kPa at 8000 rpm. torque and MEP (average effective pressure) increased by 8 N.m and 923.95 kPa at 5000 rpm. Meanwhile, SFC (specific fuel consumption) decreased by 0.35 kg/kWh at 8000 rpm.


L. Yu, H. Wu, W. Zhao, Y. Qian, L. Zhu, and X. Lu, “Experimental study on the application of n-butanol and n-butanol/kerosene blends as fuel for spark ignition aviation piston engine,” Fuel, vol. 304, p. 121362, Nov. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2021.121362.

P. Dinesha, S. Mohan, and S. Kumar, “Experimental investigation of SI engine characteristics using Acetone-Butanol-Ethanol (ABE) – Gasoline blends and optimization using Particle Swarm Optimization,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 5692–5708, Jan. 2022, doi: 10.1016/J.IJHYDENE.2021.11.119.

I. Veza, M. F. M. Said, and Z. A. Latiff, “Improved Performance, Combustion and Emissions of SI Engine Fuelled with Butanol: A Review,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 7648–7666, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.15282/IJAME.17.1.2020.13.0568.

Z. Guo, X. Yu, G. Li, Y. Sun, Z. Zhao, and D. Li, “Comparative study of different injection modes on combustion and particle emission of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) and gasoline in a dual-injection SI engine,” Fuel, vol. 281, p. 118786, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2020.118786.

M. Mourad and K. Mahmoud, “Investigation into SI engine performance characteristics and emissions fuelled with ethanol/butanol-gasoline blends,” Renew. Energy, vol. 143, pp. 762–771, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1016/J.RENENE.2019.05.064.

D. Feng, H. Wei, M. Pan, L. Zhou, and J. Hua, “Combustion performance of dual-injection using n-butanol direct-injection and gasoline port fuel-injection in a SI engine,” Energy, vol. 160, pp. 573–581, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.ENERGY.2018.07.042.

K. Liu, Y. Li, J. Yang, B. Deng, R. Feng, and Y. Huang, “Comprehensive study of key operating parameters on combustion characteristics of butanol-gasoline blends in a high speed SI engine,” Appl. Energy, vol. 212, pp. 13–32, Feb. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.APENERGY.2017.12.011.

T. T. Huynh, M. D. Le, and D. N. Duong, “Effects of butanol–gasoline blends on SI engine performance, fuel consumption, and emission characteristics at partial engine speeds,” Int. J. Energy Environ. Eng., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 483–492, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1007/S40095-019-0309-9/FIGURES/10.

C. Tornatore, L. Marchitto, G. Valentino, F. Esposito Corcione, and S. S. Merola, “Optical diagnostics of the combustion process in a PFI SI boosted engine fueled with butanol–gasoline blend,” Energy, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 277–287, Sep. 2012, doi: 10.1016/J.ENERGY.2012.03.006.

Y. Li, Y. Chen, G. Wu, C. fon F. Lee, and J. Liu, “Experimental comparison of acetone-n-butanol-ethanol (ABE) and isopropanol-n-butanol-ethanol (IBE) as fuel candidate in spark-ignition engine,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 133, pp. 179–187, Mar. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.APPLTHERMALENG.2017.12.132.

Z. Tian, X. Zhen, Y. Wang, D. Liu, and X. Li, “Combustion and emission characteristics of n-butanol-gasoline blends in SI direct injection gasoline engine,” Renew. Energy, vol. 146, pp. 267–279, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.RENENE.2019.06.041.

X. Yu et al., “Effect of gasoline/n-butanol blends on gaseous and particle emissions from an SI direct injection engine,” Fuel, vol. 229, pp. 1–10, Oct. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2018.05.003.

B. V. S. Chauhan, M. K. Shukla, and A. Dhar, “Effect of n-Butanol and Gasoline Blends on SI Engine Performance and Emissions,” Energy, Environ. Sustain., pp. 175–190, 2021, doi: 10.1007/978-981-16-0931-2_10/COVER.

J. L. S. Fagundez, D. Golke, M. E. S. Martins, and N. P. G. Salau, “An investigation on performance and combustion characteristics of pure n-butanol and a blend of n-butanol/ethanol as fuels in a spark ignition engine,” Energy, vol. 176, pp. 521–530, Jun. 2019, doi: 10.1016/J.ENERGY.2019.04.010.

W. R. da Silva Trindade and R. G. dos Santos, “1D modeling of SI engine using n-butanol as fuel: Adjust of fuel properties and comparison between measurements and simulation,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 157, pp. 224–238, Feb. 2018, doi: 10.1016/J.ENCONMAN.2017.12.003.

Gatot Setyono, Dwi Khusna, Navik Kholili, Lingga Putra Sanjaya, and Fajar Galang Argil Putra., “Potensi Penambahan Butanol Pada Bahan Bakar Terhadap Peningkatan Kinerja Motor Matic Satu Silinder,” in SNASPPM 2022, 2022, pp. 16–21.

Q. Tang, P. Jiang, C. Peng, H. Chang, and Z. Zhao, “Comparison and analysis of the effects of spark timing and lambda on a high-speed spark ignition engine fuelled with n-butanol/gasoline blends,” Fuel, vol. 287, p. 119505, Mar. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2020.119505.

PlumX Metrics