Karakterisasi Proses Gasifikasi Menjadi Listrik Berbahan Baku Sampah Padat Perkotaan Menggunakan Reaktor Tipe Downdraft Di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat

  • Shafwan Amrullah Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Sopyan Ali Rohman Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
  • Cyrilla Oktaviananda Politeknik Katolik Mangunwijaya
  • Fadhli Dzil Ikram Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
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Abstract

Indonesia is currently experiencing the problem of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), energy and environmental crisis. Gasification by electric generator is the solution. This study about the design and characterization of the gasification reactor with MSW feed. This research was conducted by examining the effect of gasification temperature (550, 600, 650, 700, 750, 800, 850oC) and Air Fuel Ratio variations (0,5; 0,51; 0,53; 0,54; and 0,55). The variabel tes of temperature variations is syngas, FC, CGE,CCE, and scf. The AFR evaluated syngas and SCF. The result showed an increase the syngas levels with the increasing the gasification temperature, except CO2. The FC value increased(71% to 74%) and The CGE increases (77 to 97%). The CCE increases from 69% to 78% (550-650oC) and decreases again to 66% (850oC), and Scf decreased (4.5-0.5 kg/kWh). In the AFR variation, syngas levels increase with increasing AFR, but scf decreased (5.3 to 2).

Author Biographies

Shafwan Amrullah, Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa
Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian
Sopyan Ali Rohman, Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa

Program Studi Teknik Mesin

Cyrilla Oktaviananda, Politeknik Katolik Mangunwijaya

Program Studi D3 Teknik Kimia

Fadhli Dzil Ikram, Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa

Program Studi Teknologi Industri Pertanian

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Published
2022-10-03