DAMPAK PENCEMARAN MIKROPLASTIK DI EKOSISTEM LAUT TERHADAP ZOOPLANKTON : REVIEW

Mardiyana Mardiyana

Abstract


Pencemaran yang bersumber dari mikroplastik merupakan salah satu permasalahan global. Setiap tahun, jutaan metrik ton plastik diproduksi untuk kemasan makanan, produk perawatan kecantikan, alat tangkap, dan aktivitas manusia lainnya yang berujung masuk ke laut baik secara sengaja maupun tidak disengaja dan akan terdegradasi menjadi mikroplastik. Ukuran mikroplastik yang kecil dan cenderung mengapung di kolom air sehingga mudah termakan oleh organisme laut, salah satunya adalah zooplankton. Mikroplastik yang termakan oleh zooplankton, memberikan dampak negatif baik untuk zooplankton itu sendiri maupun untuk ekosistem. Dampak mikroplastik pada zooplankton mengganggu fekunditas, kapasitas makan, mengganggu sistem pencernaan, kandungan fesesnya serta memberikan efek akut dan kronis. Dampak bagi ekosistem laut memungkinkan terjadinya transfer mikroplastik melalui rantai makanan (trophic transfer) karena zooplankton memiliki peran penting dalam ekologi. Review ini membahas mengenai distribusi dan degradasi mikroplastik, proses masuknya mikroplastik ke dalam zooplankton, dampaknya pada zooplankton serta dampak terhadap ekosistem Laut. Kajian ini menjadi penting agar dapat memberi informasi kepada para peneliti sebagai dasar dalam pengelolaan sumberdaya perairan.

 

Kata kunci: ekosistem, mikroplastik, organisme, pencemaran, zooplankton.

 


Keywords


ecosystem, microplastics, organisms, pollution, zooplankton

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35970/jppl.v2i1.147

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