HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT CAMPURAN BIOMASSA DAN ANALISIS REGRESI MULTIVARIAT

Cyrilla Oktaviananda, Ilma Fadlilah

Abstract


Energy needs in Indonesia always increase along with population growth and industrial growth. On the other hand, the abundant availability of biomass waste, especially teak sawdust and corn cobs, encouraged researchers to find the right technique for converting biomass waste to make the waste an alternative energy source. Hydrothermal Treatment is one of the techniques for thermal biomass conversion that can convert biomass into coal-like material called hydrochar. The biomass waste is in a heterogeneous or mixed state.The purpose of this study is to obtain the optimum composition of the biomass mixture to make solid fuels using the hydrothermal treatment method and to do a regression analysis to estimate heating value based on proximate analysis. The biomass waste used in this study was teak sawdust and corn cobs powder. The results from this study are the highest yield of hydrochar in the hydrothermal treatment process of teak sawdust which is equal to 68.1% and the highest calor value in the hydrothermal treatment of biomass with the same composition which is equal to 5402 cal / gram.  An equation to predict the value calor hydrochar is HHV = 0.837 (% AC) +0.152 (% VM) +0.389 (% FC) -0.022 (% WC) with an absolute error of 4.11% and a relative error of 0.28 %


Full Text:

PDF

References


Campo,B.(2010).CornCobDryMatterLossinStorageasAffectedbyTemperatureandMoistureContent,IowaStateUniversityDigitalRepository

ESDM.(2004).BluePrintPengelolaanEnergiNasional2005-2025.

Kalderis,D.,Kottl,M.S.,Mendez,A,andGasco,G.(2014).CharacterizationofHydrocharsProducedbyHydrothermalCarbonizationofRiceHusk,SolidEarth,5.477-483.

Kartika,A.M.,(2015)UjiPerformansiGasifikasiBiomassapadaProsesSterilisasiBerbahanBakarLimbahMediaTanamJamurMerang.Tesis.UniversitasUdayana.

Malakauseya,J.,Sudjito,Sasongko,M.(2013).PengaruhProsentaseCampuranBriketLimbahSerbukKayuGergajiandanLimbahDaunKayuputihTerhadapNilaiKalordanKecepatanPembakaran.JurnalRekayasaMesin,4(3),194-198.

Oktaviananda,C.,Rahmawati,R.,Prasetya,A.,Purnomo,C.,Yulansyah,A.,Cahyono,,R.(2017).EffectofTemperatureandBiomass-WaterRatiotoYieldandProductCharacteristicofHydrothermalTreatmentofBiomass.InInternationalConferenceOnChemistry,ChemicalProcessandEngineering.Yogyakarta,Indonesia:FacultyofMathematicandNaturalScience,UniversitasIslamIndonesia

Yuliansyah,A.,Hirajima,T.,Kumagai,S.,Sasaki,K.(2010).ProductionofSolidBiofuelfromAgriculturalWastesofthePalmOilIndustrybyHydrothermalTreatment,WasteBiomassValor,1,395-405.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35970/jppl.v1i01.39

Article metrics

Abstract view : 333 times
PDF - 82 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:

                   


 

Editorial Office:

D4 Teknologi Rekayasa Pengendalian Pencemaran Lingkungan
Politeknik Negeri Cilacap
Jln. Dokter Soetomo No.1, Karangcengis Sidakaya Cilacap
Jawa Tengah 53212
Telepon: (0282) 533329
Email: jppl.ejournal@pnc.ac.id

 

 

Flag Counter View My Stats

Creative Commons License
JPPL is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.