Peranan Parameter Quench dan Temper Pada Ketangguhan Carbon-Manganese Steel
The use of material that is specified as armor steel has a high resistant value. The quenching and tempering process is done to improve the toughness of the material. The process uses a temperature of 900oC on the quenching process with water medium and tempering temperatures of 125oC and 175oC holding time for 30 minutes. The tests include the impact test to determine the increase in the material and fractography to determine the ductility of the material. There is a decrease in the value of the impact that occurs after the quenching process. The impact value is increasing due to the tampering impact of 32 J during the quenching process to 50 J. The fractography shows brittle fractures with ridges as a feature of brittle fractures. Rapid cooling rate processes in the quenching process cause cracks in the quenching specimens.
L. S. Malinov, I. E. Malysheva, E. S. Klimov, V. V. Kukhar, and E. Y. Balalayeva, “Effect of particular combinations of quenching, tempering and carburization on abrasive wear of low-carbon manganese steels with Metastable austenite,” Mater. Sci. Forum, vol. 945 MSF, pp. 574–578, 2019, doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.945.574.
I. WIDYANATA, Pengaruh Perlakuan Panas Quenching-Tempering Pada Baja Mangan 11-15% Mn Sebagai Material Bucket Tooth. etd.repository.ugm.ac.id, 2019.
Y. Yurianto, A. Suprihanto, S. H. Suryo, Y. Umardani, and P. Yanuar, “Effect of austenite temperature and holding time to impact energy and wear on HRP steel,” Eastern-European J. Enterp. Technol., vol. 12, no. 103, pp. 45–51, 2020, doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2020.156798.
C. Sun, S. L. Liu, R. D. K. Misra, Q. Li, and D. H. Li, “Influence of intercritical tempering temperature on impact toughness of a quenched and tempered medium-Mn steel: Intercritical tempering versus traditional tempering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 711, no. September 2017, pp. 484–491, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2017.11.072.
S. Guo, C. Li, J. Shi, F. Luan, and X. Song, “Effect of quenching media and tempering temperature on fatigue property and fatigue life estimation based on RBF neural network of 0.44% carbon steel,” Mechanical Sciences. ms.copernicus.org, 2019, [Online]. Available: https://ms.copernicus.org/articles/10/273/2019/.
M. Rizal Ainur Rachman and A. Mahendra Sakti, “ANALISA PERBEDAAN KEKERASAN DAN KEKUATAN TARIK BAJA S45C DENGAN PERLAKUAN QUENCHING DAN TEMPERING PADA MEDIA UDARA, AIR, DAN OLI UNTUK APLIKASI POROS MOTOR RODA TIGA,” 2020.
W. Li, X. Ding, and X. Jin, “Introduction of nanoprecipitation and transformation-induced plasticity in ultra-low carbon medium manganese quenching-partitioning-tempering steels,” Heat Treat. Surf. Eng., vol. 1, no. 1–2, pp. 48–56, 2019, doi: 10.1080/25787616.2018.1560155.
F. Z. Lemmadi, a Chala, S. Ferhati, F. Chabane, and S. Benramache, “Structural and Mechanical Behavior during Quenching of 40CrMoV5 Steel,” Sci. Eng. J., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2013, [Online]. Available: http://www.oricpub.com/SE-3-1-43.pdf.
Y. Yurianto, S. Sulardjaka, S. A. Widyanto, and P. Yanuar, “Comparison Of The Structure And Properties Between Single Quench+Temper And Double Quench+Temper Of Medium-Carbon And Carbon-Manganese Steel,” Eastern-European J. Enterp. Technol., vol. 5, no. 12–107, pp. 15–22, 2020, doi: 10.15587/1729-4061.2020.214223.
H. Sharifi, R. Ghasemi, M. Branch, Y. Researchers, E. Club, and N. Branch, “The Effect of Tempering Treatment on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of DIN 1 . 4021 Martensitic Stainless Steel,” vol. 12, no. 2013, pp. 9–15, 2015.
A. Alhamidi, “Proses Quenching and Partitioning Terhadap Sifat Mekanik Baja Karbon Medium,” J. Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 15, no. 2, p. 118, 2020, doi: 10.32497/jrm.v15i2.1869.
L. Y. Wang et al., “Strain hardening behaviour of as-quenched and tempered martensite,” Acta Mater., vol. 199, pp. 613–632, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.08.067.
S. lei Long, Y. long Liang, Y. Jiang, Y. Liang, M. Yang, and Y. liang Yi, “Effect of quenching temperature on martensite multi-level microstructures and properties of strength and toughness in 20CrNi2Mo steel,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 676, pp. 38–47, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2016.08.065.
B. Jiang, Z. Mei, L. Zhou, C. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Microstructure evolution, fracture and hardening mechanisms of quenched and tempered steel for large sized bearing rings at elevated quenching temperatures,” Met. Mater. Int., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 572–578, 2016, doi: 10.1007/s12540-016-5493-z.
M. H. Khani Sanij, S. S. Ghasemi Banadkouki, A. R. Mashreghi, and M. Moshrefifar, “The effect of single and double quenching and tempering heat treatments on the microstructure and mechanical properties of AISI 4140 steel,” Mater. Des., vol. 42, pp. 339–346, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.06.017.
G. Mandal, S. K. Ghosh, and S. Chatterjee, “Effect of thermomechanical controlled processing and quenching & Tempering on the structure and properties of bainite-martensite steels,” Arch. Metall. Mater., vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 861–868, 2020, doi: 10.24425/amm.2020.132832.
J. Liu, H. Yu, T. Zhou, C. Song, and K. Zhang, “Effect of double quenching and tempering heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a novel 5Cr steel processed by electro-slag casting,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 619, pp. 212–220, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2014.09.063.
G. Krauss, “Martensite in steel: Strength and structure,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, vol. 273–275, pp. 40–57, 1999, doi: 10.1016/s0921-5093(99)00288-9.
Copyright (c) 2023 Akhlis Rahman Sari Nurhidayat, Nur Akhlis Sarihidaya Laksana, Yurianto Yurianto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).