Analisis Perpindahan Gaya SideLoad Pegas Suspensi Tipe C Menggunakan Finite Element Method (FEM)
The suspension must provide comfort and safety to the vehicle. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the load's effect on the pressure distribution on the axle so that the spring strength from the sideload force can be simulated. This study aims to analyze the sideload force of type C suspension springs using FEM. Spring variations are the number of different threaded coils, namely 11, 12, and 13. In the FEM simulation, the spring is given a load until 50mm, 100mm, 150mm, 200mm, and 250mm displacement occurs. The loading spreads to the X, Y, and Z axes. Each direction of the axis is measured by the pressure that occurs. The results showed that the pressure values that occur on the X, Y, and Z axes decreased with each increase in the number of screw coils. The lowest X-axis pressure reduction occurs in thread 12 at 63%. Meanwhile, the pressure on the Y axis decreased by 27% on the spring screw 12. The highest decrease in pressure on the Z axis occurred by 34% on the spring screw 12 compared to the spring screw 11.
A. Efendi, “Rancang Bangun Mobil Listrik Sula Politeknik Negeri Subang,” J. Pendidik. Teknol. dan Kejuru., vol. 17, no. 1, p. 75, 2020, doi: 10.23887/jptk-undiksha.v17i1.23057.
S. Aritonang and P. H. Wulanuari, “Analisis kerusakan yang disebabkan oleh vibrasi pada sistem suspensi kendaraan roda empat damage analysis caused by vibration at suspension system of four wheels vehicle,” J. Teknoogi Daya Gerak, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 17–33, 2018.
S. Cho, H. Yeon, H. Kim, and C. W. Kim, “Design of end coil angular position and centerline shape of C-type side load coil spring for reducing side load of MacPherson strut suspension,” J. Mech. Sci. Technol., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 1153–1160, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s12206-021-0228-6.
F. L. S. F. A. Sigit Setijo Budi1, “Perancangan Sistem Suspensi Dan Analisis Pegas Sepeda Motor Listrik Phb Menggunakan Finite Elemen Metode (FEM,” J. Rekayasa Mater. Manufaktur dan Energi RMME, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33–38, 2022.
N. A. S. Laksana, B. A. Girawan, and J. S. Pribadi, “Desain dan Analisis Karakteristik Pegas Koil Sistem Suspensi Belakang untuk Kendaraan Ringan Sepeda Motor Listrik,” Infotekmesin, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 59–66, 2022, doi: 10.35970/infotekmesin.v13i1.908.
Z. Su, F. Xu, L. Hua, H. Chen, K. Wu, and S. Zhang, “Design optimization of minivan MacPherson-strut suspension system based on weighting combination method and neighborhood cultivation genetic algorithm,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part D J. Automob. Eng., vol. 233, no. 3, pp. 650–660, 2019, doi: 10.1177/0954407018789303.
E. A. Wibowo, M. Nur, and Hidayah, “Rekomendasi Desain Angelbar Bracket Fifth Wheel JSK38 pada Truk Scania R500 dan Trailer SST74 dengan Metode Quality Function Deployment dan Finite Element Method Design of Angelbar Bracket Fifth Wheel JSK 38 for Scania R500 Truck on SST 74 Trailer by Usin,” J. Pendidik. dan Teknol. Indones., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 373–379, 2022.
S. S. Budi, A. Suprihadi, A. Makhrojan, R. Ismail, and J. Jamari, “The effect of linear spring number at side load of McPherson suspension in electric city car,” AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 1788, no. January, 2017, doi: 10.1063/1.4968329.
I. Umnat, “DRC012 Dynamic Modeling of MacPherson Strut Suspension with Friction in Shock Absorber for Ride Comfort Analysis,” no. December 2014, 2023.
S. K and D. G, “Design and Material Analysis of a Suspension System in Scooter by using Finite Element Analysis Method,” Int. Res. J. Multidiscip. Technovation, no. January, pp. 25–37, 2019, doi: 10.34256/irjmt1914.
R. Gadayu, Fuazen, E. Julianto, “Analisa Perancangan Poros Roda Pengerak Mobil Emisia Borneo Menggunakan Finite Element Method,” Momentum, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 33–37, 2023.
A. Mandala, W. Martiningsih, and C. Ahendyarti, “Analisa Perbandingan Pengaruh Variasi Material Rotor dan Stator Terhadap Nilai Efisiensi dan Losses Pada Permanent Magnet Sychronous Generator (PMSG) Menggunakan Finite Elemen Method (FEM),” J. Ilm. Setrum, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 60–68, 2022, doi: 10.36055/setrum.v11i2.17996.
Siddharth, D. Yadav, and S. Lata, “Design development and analysis of cylindrical spring with variable pitch for two wheelers,” Mater. Today Proc., vol. 47, no. xxxx, pp. 3105–3111, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2021.06.130.
B. C. Choi, S. Cho, and C. W. Kim, “Kriging Model Based Optimization of MacPherson Strut Suspension for Minimizing Side Load using Flexible Multi-Body Dynamics,” Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 873–879, 2018, doi: 10.1007/s12541-018-0103-2.
J. Liu1, D. J. Zhuang, F. Yu And L. M. Lou, “Coptimized Design For A Macpherson Strut Suspension With Side Load Springs,” International Journal of Automotive Technology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 29–35, 2008, doi: 0.1007/s12239-008-0004-y.
Copyright (c) 2023 Sigit Setijo Budi, Firman Lukman Sanjaya, Faqih Fatkhurrozak, Syarifudin Syarifudin, Nur Aidi Ariyanto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).