Investigation of Exhaust Emissions Combustion Characteristics in Single Spark Ignition-Engine Matic with Butanol-Gasoline Mixture

  • Gatot Setyono Universitas Wijaya Putra http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9032-1171
  • Dwi Khusna Universitas Wijaya Putra
  • Navik Kholili Universitas Wijaya Putra
  • Lingga Putra Sanjaya Universitas Wijaya Putra
  • Fajar Galang Argil Putra Universitas Wijaya Putra
Abstract views: 112 , PDF downloads: 79
Keywords: exhaust emissions, combustion characteristics, butanol-gasoline, mixture

Abstract

Butanol as a fuel has a high oxygen content, so the combustion process will be more friendly to the environment. In this study, butanol will be mixed with RON-90 gasoline with a capacity of 5% (B5); 7%(B7); 10%(B10); 12%(B12); 15%(B15) and 18%(B18). The engine used is an automatic transmission with a capacity of 109.5cc with a compression ratio of 9.5:1. The test equipment for engine performance and exhaust emissions is the 50L BRT Super-Dyno and EPSG4 Gas Analyzer. The results showed that using B18 fuel for CO exhaust emissions decreased by 44% at an engine speed of 6000rpm. CO2 exhaust emissions have decreased by 47% at 8000rpm engine speed. HC exhaust emissions have decreased by 28% at 9000rpm engine speed. In contrast to NOx emissions, which increased by 22% at 9000rpm engine speed, this was due to the increasing temperature in the combustion chamber.

References

I. E. Yousif and A. M. Saleh, “Butanol-gasoline blends impact on performance and exhaust emissions of a four-stroke spark ignition engine,” Case Stud. Therm. Eng., vol. 41, p. 102612, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.1016/J.CSITE.2022.102612.

B. V. S. Chauhan, M. K. Shukla, and A. Dhar, “Effect of n-Butanol and Gasoline Blends on SI Engine Performance and Emissions,” Energy, Environ. Sustain., pp. 175–190, 2021, doi: 10.1007/978-981-16-0931-2_10/COVER.

I. Veza, M. F. M. Said, and Z. A. Latiff, “Improved Performance, Combustion and Emissions of SI Engine Fuelled with Butanol: A Review,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 7648–7666, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.15282/IJAME.17.1.2020.13.0568.

K. Chinnadurai and N. Kasianantham, “Impact on combustion stability, fuel economy and emission compliance with butanol enleanment strategy in a gasoline engine – A drop-in fuel approach,” Fuel Process. Technol., vol. 246, p. 107756, Jul. 2023, doi: 10.1016/J.FUPROC.2023.107756.

G. Setyono, D. Khusna, N. Kholili, L. P. Sanjaya, F. Galang, and A. Putra, “Effect of Butanol-Gasoline Blend Toward Performance Matic-Transmission Applied in Single Cylinder Capacity Engine,” Infotekmesin, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 28–34, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.35970/INFOTEKMESIN.V14I1.1629.

X. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Bai, and Q. Duan, “Properties and oxidation of exhaust particulates from dual fuel combustion: A comparative study of premixed gasoline, n-butanol and their blends,” Environ. Pollut., vol. 271, p. 116391, Feb. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.ENVPOL.2020.116391.

L. Zhao, W. Qi, X. Wang, and X. Su, “Potentials of EGR and lean mixture for improving fuel consumption and reducing the emissions of high-proportion butanol-gasoline engines at light load,” Fuel, vol. 266, p. 116959, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2019.116959.

I. Veza, M. F. M. Said, and Z. A. Latiff, “Improved Performance, Combustion and Emissions of SI Engine Fuelled with Butanol: A Review,” Int. J. Automot. Mech. Eng., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 7648–7666, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.15282/IJAME.17.1.2020.13.0568.

G. Wu, D. Wu, Y. Li, L. Meng, and D. Zhou, “Effect of Acetone- n -Butanol-Ethanol (ABE) as an Oxygenate on Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of a Spark Ignition Engine,” J. Chem., vol. 2020, 2020, doi: 10.1155/2020/7468651.

M. Mourad and K. Mahmoud, “Investigation into SI engine performance characteristics and emissions fuelled with ethanol/butanol-gasoline blends,” Renew. Energy, vol. 143, pp. 762–771, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1016/J.RENENE.2019.05.064.

T. T. Huynh, M. D. Le, and D. N. Duong, “Effects of butanol–gasoline blends on SI engine performance, fuel consumption, and emission characteristics at partial engine speeds,” Int. J. Energy Environ. Eng., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 483–492, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1007/S40095-019-0309-9/FIGURES/10.

Z. Guo, X. Yu, G. Li, Y. Sun, Z. Zhao, and D. Li, “Comparative study of different injection modes on combustion and particle emission of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) and gasoline in a dual-injection SI engine,” Fuel, vol. 281, p. 118786, Dec. 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2020.118786.

Y. Li, Z. Ning, C. fon F. Lee, J. Yan, and T. H. Lee, “Effect of acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE)–gasoline blends on regulated and unregulated emissions in spark-ignition engine,” Energy, vol. 168, pp. 1157–1167, Feb. 2019, doi: 10.1016/J.ENERGY.2018.12.022.

A. A. Yusuf, F. L. Inambao, and A. A. Farooq, “Impact of n-butanol-gasoline-hydrogen blends on combustion reactivity, performance and tailpipe emissions using TGDI engine parameters variation,” Sustain. Energy Technol. Assessments, vol. 40, p. 100773, Aug. 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.SETA.2020.100773.

S. K. Asrar Hussain, M. Usman, J. Umer, M. Farooq, F. Noor, and R. Anjum, “A novel analysis of n-butanol–gasoline blends impact on spark ignition engine characteristics and lubricant oil degradation,” Energy Sources, Part A Recover. Util. Environ. Eff., 2022, doi: 10.1080/15567036.2022.2036874.

L. Zhao, X. Su, and X. Wang, “Comparative study of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and hydrogen-enriched EGR employed in a SI engine fueled by biobutanol-gasoline,” Fuel, vol. 268, p. 117194, May 2020, doi: 10.1016/J.FUEL.2020.117194.

G. Setyono, D. Khusna, N. Kholili, L. P. Sanjaya, and F. G. A. Putra, “Effect of Butanol-Gasoline Blend Toward Performance Matic-Transmission Applied in Single Cylinder Capacity Engine,” Infotekmesin, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 28–34, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.35970/INFOTEKMESIN.V14I1.1629.

F. Lukman Sanjaya et al., “Uji Eksperimental Emisi Gas Buang Mesin Bensin 160 cc Berbahan Bakar Campuran Pertalite-Butanol dan Pertalite-Diethyl Ether (DEE),” Infotekmesin, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 295–300, Jul. 2022, doi: 10.35970/INFOTEKMESIN.V13I2.1543.

PlumX Metrics

Published
2023-07-31